The superior education system in Bridgeport is consistently listed in the top ten in West Virginia. The insistence of high quality education shows early on. There are four public schools (Simpson Elementary, Johnson Elementary, Bridgeport Middle School, and Bridgeport High School) in Bridgeport and one private school (Heritage Christian School).  The student to teacher ratio in Bridgeport for public schools is 17:1, which is 17.6% greater than the West Virginia student to teacher ratio. Bridgeport also has two post-secondary schools (West Virginia Junior College and Robert C. Byrd National Aerospace Education Center).

Simpson Elementary School has over 450 students enrolled in grades Pre-K through 5th with 55 staff members. The newest addition houses ten classrooms and a new office complex. Simpson Elementary was named a 2011 Exemplary School.

Johnson Elementary School has over 650 students enrolled in grades K-5th with 56 staff members. In 2015, Johnson Elementary was selected by the School Board Authority as a construction project for a new facility. The new facility will be 65,000 square feet and will encompass two stories and allow for 700 students. The building will be situated on the existing Johnson Elementary School campus and will include a gymnasium, full cafeteria, and auditorium as well as other amenities. It was named a 2011 Exemplary School.

Bridgeport Middle School has an enrollment of over 600 students. The facility, completed in 1995, houses grades 6-8 and follows the middle school concept. Each grade level has a designated pod of classrooms, computer lab, and a team of teachers. A technology-rich environment, Bridgeport Middle offers students access to computers in all classrooms as well as eight computer labs, which are maintained by an on-site technology coordinator. The library / media center is under the supervision of a full-time library / media specialist.

Bridgeport High School is home to 750 students in grades 9-12 and 72 staff members. One of six Harrison County schools, BHS has been a leader in academics, athletics and the arts in the county and statewide. BHS has been a National Blue Ribbon School since 2001. BHS has also been named a WV Exemplary School every year since the program began in 2001.